International Journal of Community Development and Management Studies (IJCDMS)

Online ISSN: 2576-4306  •  COLLABORATIVE JOURNAL
JOIN REVIEWERS BOARD SUBMIT AN ARTICLE

Published Articles

RSS | OAI

Volume 8, 2024


Humphrey Mwandawiro Mwambeo, Lydiah Nyaguthii Wambugu, Raphael O. Nyonje, James T Kariuki
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which conflict-resolution empowerment influences sustainability of forest conservation projects

Background: The study was undertaken in Taita-Taveta County in Kenya within Mbololo and Mwambirwa forest areas. It targeted 28,984 residents of the county. A sample size of 365 respondents was obtained using Yamane formula.

Methodolog ...
Conflict-resolution, Empowerment, Project, Sustainability, Community
1 - 22

Alexander Adeyemi Fakere, Eseroghene O Dafiewhare
Aim/Purpose: This study examined self-help provision and maintenance of infrastructure in two communities in Akure, to identify the current modes and nature of infrastructure development in those communities.

Background: Community participation is the involvement of people in community projects to solve their own problems. In developing countries like Nigeria, communities have resorted to self-he ...
Community development, Infrastructure provision, Infrastructure maintenance, Self-help, Sustainable development
25 - 40

Volume 7, 2023


Lys-Frédéricke Evenou
Aim/Purpose: This article explores how studying in a white educational setting acts as motivation for Black people to engage in Black spaces.

Background: When considering the impact of being Black in white educational spaces and the additional effort that is required of these students just for being there, it is important to examine the strategies employed to resist and cope with the challenges ...
White institutions; Black students; emotional labour; People of Color (POC) spaces; resistance.
1 - 12

Audrey Sika Mvibudulu-Feruzi
Aim/Purpose: This article takes a deep dive into the positive and long-lasting effects of mentoring Black CEGEP and college students through an autoethnographic approach where I share my life experience relating to mentoring and representation. In my attempts to relate to and understand the educational pathways of Black students in Quebec and the United States, I conducted a deep dive into my educ ...
Representation, student success, mentoring
13 - 28

Nikita Boston-Fisher
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the healthcare experiences of Black anglophone Montrealers who use our public healthcare system.

Background: There are many gaps when it comes to Quebec’s English-speaking Black Community (ESBC) particularly in the area of health and since this type of data is not regularly collected there is a need to find ways to understand what is going on ...
Black persons, language, health, healthcare, social support, empathy
29 - 38

Michaele Aubourg, Plem KIJAMBA LUSHEMBE
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate literature that considers how non-financial factors can influence the enrollment and the low graduation rates of Black students in higher education institutions.

Background: Non-financial factors such as the academic, social, and family environments can have a significant impact on the school trajectory of individuals in Black communities. In ...
Black students, higher education, graduate rates, non-financial factors
39 - 54

Aisha Barise
Aim/Purpose: This paper complicates Black English-speaking Quebecers by mapping them to the poli-tics of multilingualism, through attempting to join Black and African thinkers on the dialectics of linguistic (in)securities. In particular, it joins “Francophone” and “Anglo-phone” Caribbean intellectuals: Édouard Glissant and Edward Kamau Brathwaite, in dialogue with Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o, a pan-African ...
Linguistic (in-)security, multilingual politics, language policy
55 - 71

Tanya Pierre-Sindor, Rachel L Wilcoxson
Aim/Purpose: Determine if Black birthing people who delivered their babies in Quebec face more complications, death, and overall worse perinatal experiences than their White counterparts.

Background: With the recent surge of research on American Black maternal health demonstrating apparent discrepancies between the rates of Maternal morbidity and mortality, Canada’s lack of interest in this poten ...
Maternal health, Perinatal health, Black birthing people, Black mothers, Medical racism, Maternal mortality, Maternal morbidity, Black perinatal experience, Culturally safe medical practices and perinatal outcomes
72 - 85

Elya Myers
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify within the arts and culture sphere and, more specifically, the film industry, what kinds of employment opportunities are afforded (or not) to BIPOC communities, specifically Black communities in Quebec? How are Black communities in Quebec represented in the local film industry, both in front of and behind the camera? In what ways are Black s ...
Quebecois/English-Canadian Cinema, Blackness, Representation, Employment Multiculturalism, Film policy, Diversity, Equity, Inclusion
86 - 108

Isabelle Joseph
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this article is to raise awareness regarding the systemic issues contributing to the disproportionate death rates of Black women during the child birthing process.

Background: Understanding how Black women are at disproportionate risk of dying during childbirth, this article adresses contributing outside factors in order to expand the discourse related to the topic.

M ...
Black Women; Black Maternal Mortality; Medical Racism; Systemic Issues; Systemic Violence; Racial Bias; Racism; Discrimination.
109 - 133

Hezmine K M Alvis
Aim/Purpose: This research aims to assess the extent to which discourse around representation in the Quebec workplace aligns with the experiences of Black Anglophone women.

Background: There is a persistent lack of quantitative and qualitative data on Quebec’s English-speaking Black Community (ESBC). With the increase in implementation of diverse, equitable, and inclusive policies in the workpla ...
psychological safety, anglophone, black women, language politics, discrimination, workplace
134 - 148

John Davids
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to observe and analyze the educational experiences of members of the English-speaking Black community in Quebec and how those experiences may have impacted the employability outcomes of participants. More broadly, this study aimed to contribute towards the filling in of certain information gaps pertaining to not just the aforementioned community but racia ...
Community Vitality, Education, Employability, Community-based Research, Quantitative, Qualitative
149 - 155

Volume 6, 2022


Sreeni K R
Aim/Purpose: The study looks at how community developers (CD) work in society. It also define their role to educate members to change their mindsets in order to bring social and economic change by eliminate dependency and become self-sufficient.


Background: The role of community developers (CD) is to build an inclusive society where a cross-section of society benefits. It is an action to trans ...
Community developer; Social worker; inclusive society; village economy; gender equality.
1 - 17

Eyden Samunderu, Yifan Xiang
Aim/Purpose: This study aims to verify the existence of a significant perception difference between two consumer groups in China towards the use of celebrity endorsement.

Background: Through an online questionnaire survey investigating 212 consumers across the Chinese market, this study found that there is no significant difference between these two groups’ perceptions towards celebrity endorseme ...
Brand management, brand equity, celebrity endorsement, social media marketing
19 - 56

SAHEED ADEKUNLE IMRAN
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of Ikere Gorge Dam on socioeconomic development of Ikere Area of Oyo State, South-Western Nigeria and the Nation at large.


Background: This study investigated the impact of Ikere Gorge Dam on socioeconomic development of Ikere Area of Oyo State, South-Western Nigeria and the Nation at large by employing correlational research desig ...
Ikere Gorge Dam, Oke-Ogun, Oil Revenue, Hydropower, Tourism
57 - 77

Taofeek A OWOSENI
Aim/Purpose: The paper explores processes of organising business plan competitions by Abuja Enterprise Agency (AEA) as a case study. The aim is to provide systematic documentation of business plan competitions and impacts by a publicly-funded enterprise agency in a developing economy.

Background: AEA attempts at organising business plan competitions that educate, build capacity and support the de ...
Abuja; business plan; case study; competition; enterprise agency & entrepreneurship
79 - 101

Vers une justice égale Legal Project at BCRC
Aim/Purpose: Understanding how Black people view the justice system helps in identifying some areas of friction, and thereby provides critical insights into the measures needed to improve the working and management of the justice delivery process.

Background: Access to justice is a fundamental Canadian value. However, evidence shows that Black and racialized communities have been facing systemic ...
Access to justice; perception; trust and confidence; race-based data collection
103 - 121

Volume 5, 2021


Jenn Ling Ting, Zheng Bing Wang, Thi Cam Nhung Pham, Guang Chen
Aim/Purpose: This research identifies China’s agricultural commodities demand on soy and compares the comparative advantage, competitiveness of world soy exporters.

Background: The world’s largest agricultural commodities importer-China had bought 10.7 % of world agricultural commodities (US$1,167.2 billion) during year 2017. Studying China’s demand in order to formulate export strategies is cru ...
International Trade, Agribusiness, Trade Analysis and Policy
1 - 20

Anique Falconer, Marwa Elmasry, Sue Adragna Sue Adragna
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this theoretical paper was to examine the Black Lives Matter Movement and the Covid-19 pandemic in light of the good versus evil dichotomy.

Background: African Americans, particularly males, are at an increased risk of dying from excessive police violence and abuse; the tragic death of George Floyd epitomizes this phenomenon. African Americans are also more likely th ...
Black Lives Matter, COVID-19, Pandemic, Ethics, George Floyd, Good, Evil, Moral Development
21 - 33

Eyden Samunderu
Aim/Purpose: This study sought to apply the Structure Conduct Performance paradigm to Africa´s air transport landscape in general. To do that it examines the past, present and future expectations of four of Sub-Saharan Africa’s biggest avia-tion economies namely South Africa, Kenya, Ethiopia and Nigeria. Second-ary data containing historical passenger traffic was analysed and predictions for growt ...
Liberalization, Air transport, Africa, Strategy, Structure, Conduct, Perfor-mancem(SCP)
35 - 57

Agyei Fosu, Darelle van Greunen
Aim/Purpose: The main objective of this study was to check e-skills, access to and modern ICTs usage among selected small-scale farmers who are major contributors/stakeholders in former Transkei Homeland rural economies


Background: The role of agricultural information system to support agricultural development cannot be over emphasis. Demiryurek et al., (2008) explains the importance of agricul ...
Farmers’ challenges, modern ICT tools, ICT use, rural development.
59 - 74

Eyden Samunderu, Jörg Hruby, Ingo Roeger, Jingxian Wang
Aim/Purpose: This paper proposes an empirical impact for developing an individual Global Mindset within the Global HR department.

Background: Here, we make an explicit assumption that a Global Leader needs a Global Mindset to be effective and for this reason, we employ the term "Global Leadership Mindset" (GLM). Recent (Global) HR competency models focus on the tasks and structuring the HR tasks ...
Global Mindset, Global Leadership (Competency) Development; Global Human Resources Development, Global Career
75 - 106

Volume 4, 2020


Agyei Fosu
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose......................................................................................................................................................................................................
The goal of this study was to investigate the financial management practices of SMMEs operating in under developed ...
Financial management skills, SMMEs, underdeveloped regions.
1 - 7

Zul Ariff Abdul Latiff
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Low cost airline passengers are sensitive towards value for money. They also have their own preferences and percep ...
Passenger intention, low cost carriers (LCC), in-flight halal food, purchasing intention
9 - 21

Nozipho Giba-Fosu
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.......................................................................................................................................................................................................
The main aim of this study was to investigate the status of records management program at Walter Sisulu University ...
Records management, institution of higher learning, administration, Walter Sisulu University (WSU)
23 - 39

John David Tamiggi
Aim/Purpose: The following manuscript presents a broad humanistic-existential framework in support of human-centered design strategy, as it explores the axiological assessment of how marginalized community leadership, post-COVID-19, can lead and integrate innovative Community-Based Learning (CBL) community development models. The manuscript commences with a synthesis of literature focused on under ...
Community-Based Learning (CBL), COVID-19, human-centered design, growth mindset, generational poverty, marginalized communities, social class structure
41 - 65

David Y Firang
Aim/Purpose: This article aims at exploring how systemic racism predisposes Canadian Blacks to COVID 19 infection, thereby raising the question as to whether Black Live Matters amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Background: Although many discourses about Blacks' vulnerability abound in the public media and academic literature, their vulnerabilities seem to have been overlooked amid the current COVID-1 ...
COVID-19, Black Canadians, Black Live Matters, Anti-Black Racism, Racism
67 - 93

Volume 3, 2019


Kit Teng Phuah, Kelly Kai Seng Wong, Jenn Ling TingJL
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose...........................................................................................................................................................
The focus of this study is to find the relationship between the components in Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) such as attitude, subjective norms (Media), subj ...
Beauty industry, women behavior, cosmetic surgery, intention, South Korea
1 - 16

Niyi Israel Akeke
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
The study seeks to examine the strategic interventions needed to promote the performance of small and medium enterprises ...
Strategic interventions, organizational learning, cultural values, performance, SMEs
17 - 29

Agyei Fosu
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
The main aim of the study is to critically examine the forces that can impede or support students to use e-learning in h ...
Information and Communication Technologies, technological skills, training.
31 - 41

Juwaidah Sharifuddin, Norhasmat Abdul Aziz
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
The Malaysian government has given numerous incentives to small and medium enterprises (SMEs), including those in the fo ...
Small medium enterprises, structure-conduct-performance, food manufacturing industry, financial incentives, tax
43 - 55

Nursalwani Muhamad, Zul Ariff Abdul Latiff
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose......................................................................................................................................................................................................
This study aims to identify the level of perception level of consumer and the relationship between knowledge, attit ...
Knowledge, attitude, practice, cosmetic products, Halal label
57 - 64

Agyei Fosu
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose......................................................................................................................................................................................................
The purpose of this study is to expand the knowledge base on factors likely to impede implementation and adoption o ...
ICTs, next generation of learners, teaching, technological skills, lecturers, web-based learning management system, 21st century digital economies.
65 - 77

CEDEC CEDEC
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose......................................................................................................................................................................................................
The African-Canadian Career Excellence (ACCE) initiative was developed to address the loss of highly-educated, Engl ...
African-Canadian, Black-African youth, multiculturalism, Quebecers, English-speaking, discrimination, systemic discrimination, employability, workforce development, labor force development, community economic development, labor market, skills gap, diversify, diversity, recruitment strategy, public policy, African issues
131 - 155

Rosalie Masella, James McIntosh
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose....................................................................................................................................................................................................
Data from two large Canadian surveys are used to analyze educational and earnings performance of Blacks and Whites. T ...
Canada, racism, Blacks, ordered probability models, beta distributions, mixtures
157 - 170

Bonnie Zehavi
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Background and summary................................................................................................................................................................................
This paper presents a general overview of the challenges faced by English-speaking Black community members in Montreal, as wel ...
Black Community, English-speaking, Montreal, intersectional, anti-Black systemic racism, justice, education, employment, income, entrepreneurship
171 - 178

Sylvia E. A. Piggott
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose......................................................................................................................................................................................................
This article explains the movement for Afrocentric public schools in Canada, particularly in Montreal, and the cont ...
Black learners, equity, education, non-profit organization
179 - 185

Clarence Bayne
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Background............................................................................................................................................................
This article serves as an overview to the conference on on “Community Education and Development: perspectives on English-Speaking Blacks and Other Minorities" ...
English speaking Black, visible minorities Quebec and Canada, non-visible minorities, social and economic indicators, fitness landscape, complex adaptive systems, employment rate, social entrepreneur, ruggedness of landscape
79 - 130

Volume 2, 2018


Maryam Pourakbar
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................
The main objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between leadership style, performance, and organizational trust. In addi ...
Leadership Styles, Organizational Trust, Employee Performance, Structural Equation Modeling
1 - 17

Kenneth Chukwujioke Agbim
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.............................................................................................................................................................................
This study seeks to examine the effect of ethical leadership on corporate governance, corporate performance and corporate social responsibil ...
Ethical Leadership, Corporate Governance, Corporate Performance, Corporate Social Responsibility, Deposit Money Banks
19 - 35

Nalini Arumugam, Zainab Mohd Karim
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose...............................................................................................................................................................................
This research will explore the factors that determine the level of adoption and participation in sustainability practices among the local ...
Sustainability, Sustainability Development, Dairy Farmers, Agribusiness
37 - 47

Phuah Kit Teng, Ting Jenn Ling, Kelly Wong Kai Seng
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose..............................................................................................................................................................................
This study examines the factors that influence customer intention to use mo-bile payment service in Nanjing, China. It also gains a deeper ...
Mobile payment, intention, attitude, perceived risk, perceived usefulness
49 - 60

Clarence S. Bayne, Raafat G. Saade
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose................................................................................................................................................................................
The purpose of this paper is to conduct a multi-case/agent analysis using complexity theory to develop propositions that guide and inform ...
Complex Adaptive Systems, Minority Communities, Diversity, Communication Technologies, Ingenuity Gap, Cultural Change Models, Communication and Informing System
61 - 86

Prafulla Kumar Padhi
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................
The objective of this research is to analyze the literature to-date thoroughly and conceptualize a born-global speculative start-up (BGS ...
BGSS, Pervasive Technologies, Pervasive Advertising, Corporate Social Responsibility, Pervasive Phenomenon
87 - 103

Hamed Motaghi, Saeed Nosratabadi, Thabit Qasem Atobishi
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
The main objective of the current study is to develop a business model for service providers of cloud computing which is ...
Cloud computing, circular economy, circular business model, business model
105 - 120

Zul Ariff Abdul Latiff, Intan Zawani Othman, Nursalwani Muhamad
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
The objective of this study is, for a given set demographics, to investigate the effect of knowledge, awareness and perc ...
Organic food, awareness, knowledge, attitude, perception, demographic factor
121 - 129

Daniel Mirimo, Mad Nasir Shamsudin
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
This research paper attempts to assess how the Malaysia rice industry will behave if and when certain changes occur, suc ...
Rice trade, food security, policy analysis, system dynamics, Malaysia, ASEAN
131 - 144

Abdul-Rahim Abdulai, Lois Araba Fynn
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
Study aimed to examine the impacts of the Bui-Dam Hydroelectric Power (BHP) project resettlement on communities’ livelih ...
Resettlement, dams, community livelihoods, Ghana
145 - 158

Agyei Fosu
Aim/Purpose....................................................................................................................................................
The goal of this study is to advance understanding of ICT utilization by SMMEs by checking access, ability (in terms of technological skills) and usage of ICT among some SMMEs entrepreneurs operating their businesses in an underdeveloped a ...
Information and Communications Technology, Small Medium and Micro-sized Enterprises, 21st century digital economies
159 - 168

Volume 1, 2017


Agyei Fosu
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
This paper seeks to show how University of South Africa (UNISA) is using technology to connect lecturers, tutors and stu ...
Development, Higher education, Technology
1 - 11

Steven J Clarke, Mohammamadreza Akbari, Dr Shagheyegh Maleki Far
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose...................................................................................................................................................................................................
This paper is a review of the progress of the Vietnam socio-economic and development plan and an assessment of the ext ...
Developing nation, trade, terms, patterns, preferences, development and policy, foreign aid, import substitution, and export-led growth
13 - 37

Majo George, Elsa Cherian
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose..................................................................................................................................................................................................
This research paper attempts to deeply and rationally probe into the present situation, discussing the expected role of ...
Global marketing, producers, spice board, India
39 - 61

Agyei Fosu
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................................
The main aim of the study is to identify some of the barriers to the integration of technology into the teaching of math ...
Mathematics teachers, technological skills, training.
63 - 71
FEATURED

Zul Ariff Abdul Latiff, Mohammad Amizi Ayob
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose................................................................................................................................................................................................
This research seeks to determine the consumer preferences between local and import rice by using theory of knowledge, att ...
Consumer preference, local rice, imported rice, knowledge, attitude, perception
73 - 83

Oberiri Destiny Apuke, Ivo Nkasire Apollos
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose................................................................................................................................................................................................
This study investigates the public perception towards Facebook usage in the 2015 political campaigns in Nigeria.

Backg ...
Campaign, Facebook, politics, senatorial elections, Taraba, Nigeria
85 - 102
FEATURED

Ariel N. Delfino*
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose................................................................................................................................................................................................
The general purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the KALAHI-CIDSS project on community development in the Ea ...
KALAHI-CIDSS, community development, poverty reduction program, community participation, Philippines
103 - 115

Prafulla Kumar Padhi
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose..............................................................................................................................................................................................
Since the valuation of a born-global speculative start-up (BGSS) has been a guessing game and there is no framework in the ...
EFSW, BGSS, Informing Systems, Multi-Stage Valuation
117 - 148

Zul Ariff Abdul Latiff, Mohammad Amizi Ayob, Mohamad Izwani Halim
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED WITH THE INFORMING SCIENCE INSTITUTE.

Aim/Purpose...........................................................................................................................................................................................
The objective of this study is to determine the preferences of food sellers in Kelantan towards the halal-labeled fish ball. ...
Fish ball, halal labeled, knowledge, attitude, practice
149 - 156

Back to Top ↑