Black Maternal Mortality- Systemic and Structural Factors Contributing to Disproportionate Rates of Black Maternal Death during Childbirth

Isabelle Joseph
International Journal of Community Development and Management Studies  •  Black in Quebec - Exploring Black experiences in health, justice, education and employment  •  Volume 7 (2023)  •  pp. 109-133

The purpose of this article is to raise awareness regarding the systemic issues contributing to the disproportionate death rates of Black women during the child birthing process.

Understanding how Black women are at disproportionate risk of dying during childbirth, this article adresses contributing outside factors in order to expand the discourse related to the topic.

Data was collected through available archival data, medical experiments and studies from peer-reviewed journals, news articles and self reported accounts of racism within the medical field.

Research in the United States has identified a Black maternal mortality rate of over 3.55 times that of white women. Causes for said deaths relate to various cardiovascular conditions, the source of which can be traced to systemic injustice.

The desired impact of this study is to shed light on an ongoing medical issue that has continuously been discussed at the surface level. Unpacking systemic factors contributing to Black maternal mortality allows for the rebuilding of the healthcare system in order to prevent further unnecessary deaths.

Original Research (Qualitative)  |  Black Women; Black Maternal Mortality; Medical Racism; Systemic Issues; Systemic Violence; Racial Bias; Racism; Discrimination.
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